ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS WITH SECOND HOMES (VACATION HOMES). A CASE STUDY: APUSENI NATURE PARK
IOANA ALEXANDRA CIUPE, N. CIANGĂ
ABSTRACT.-Environmental impacts of informal settlements with second homes (vacation homes). A case study: Apuseni Nature Park. The past decades has seen the rapid development of second homes in many country of the world. Therefore, secondary dwellings used for tourism-related purposes (vacation homes or second homes) are a reality that becomes more pronounced and visible at both nationally and internationally level. However, the rapidity and the novelty of the phenomenon creates difficulties in terms of efficient management and suitable integration in spatial planning and urbanism plans, favoring - in a negative way - expanding of build-up areas (with second homes) in a chaotic way. Since there has been no detailed investigation of second homes tourism from the perspective of informal settlements, this article follows a case-study design, with in-depth analysis of informal settlements with vacation homes found in Apuseni Nature Park. Based on long-term field research, will be exemplified 4 types of informal settlements with second homes (vacation homes) identified in the case study. The aim of this paper is to critically analyse the effects of informal settlements with vacation homes on the natural environment.
Key-words: second homes tourism, protected area, informal dwellings, settlements typologies.
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