LANDSLIDE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION ANALYSIS USING GIS.
CASE STUDY SECAȘELOR PLATEAU
GH. ROŞIAN, CS. HORVATH, A. NIȚĂ , ROZALIA BENEDEK
Abstract: - Landslide Spatial Distribution Analysis Using GIS. Case Study Secașelor Plateau. Landslides represent an extremely frequent geomorphological phenomenon in the Secașelor Plateau. The regional unit is located in the South-Eastern part of the Transylvanian Basin (large basin within the Carpathian Mountains). In this paper, we analyzed the distribution of the landslides through spatial statistics techniques and GIS. In order to analyze the distribution of the landslides we took into consideration 5 criteria: geology, height, slope, exposition and the territorial administrative units. This type of study is necessary to find out the way in which the actual landslides are distributed and on the other hand, the research will collect information on the susceptible fields which are favored by these geomorphological processes. After the visual analysis of the area using the 1:5000 aerial photography and topographic maps, 835 landslides were identified and vectorized. At the level of administrative-territorial units, these cover mostly agricultural areas. Given the lithological conditions (the presence of friable rocks of marl, clay and poorly cemented sands) and the land use (mostly agricultural) it can be said that in the future new landslides will ocure in similar conditions of slope, exposition and geological characteristic etc. The identification of areas that are susceptible to landslides is beneficial for the future territorial planning actions and also to avoid building on areas which are prone to landslides.
Key-words: landslides, spatial statistics, distribution, GIS.
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