How to cite: P. GÂȘTESCU, ELENA TOMA (2019) Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve. Tourist Potential, Turning to Good Account, Impact .
Risks and Catastrophes Journal, 25(2), P.7-32. DOI: 10.24193/RCJ2019_11
DANUBE DELTA BIOSPHERE RESERVE.
TOURIST POTENTIAL, TURNING TO GOOD
P. GÂȘTESCU, ELENA TOMA
Abstract. Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve. Tourist Potential, Turning to Good Account, Impact. The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve, with a surface of 5800 km2 within which 20 strictly protected areas are delimited, summing-up 506 km2, with corresponding buffer areas bringing the area to 2233 km2 and economic areas which widen the surface under scrutiny to 3061 km2 had a very good reason to become a biosphere reserve in the year 1990. The Danube Delta was declared a biosphere reserve due to its morpho-hydrographic bio-geographic and landscape uniqueness in Europe as regards bio-diversity, ecosystems and habitats characteristic to the Delta-specific humid environment The complex landscape (relief, water, vegetation, fauna, population and human settlements) within the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve has attracted ever since the second half of the 20th century numerous tourists having come to enrich their knowledge and for recreation purposes. The originality of Romania’s tourist potential is a representative feature of the tourist product that Romania can supply, as promoted on the internal and external tourist market respectively, however not at the level of its true potential. The new statute of the Danube Delta, as a biosphere reserve, following the year 1990, meant a change of direction and reorganizing of the tourist activity, in the context of protecting biodiversity and the landscape and of a sustainable turning to good account of the renewable natural resources. The assets of the natural tourist potential are completed by the anthropic potential, there resulting an indivisible, unique complex, specific to the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve. Overall, tourism is one of the major components of the social and economic life, having become nowadays an economic sector with tangible development resources. Due to the fact that the Danube Delta is a geographic environment under permanent formation, fragile and vulnerable, the impact of tourism in general can be felt at the level of the natural and anthropic habitats, with major consequences on the whole ecological balance. Since tourism is a main development vector, it is necessary to pay the utmost attention to the consequences of this activity on all the other sectors of activity. Tourism must represent not only a positive and dynamic development factor but also a practical solution to keeping the environment unaltered.
Key-words: Danube Delta, natural and anthropic tourist potential, tourismenvironment, sustainable development.
READ FULL TEXT
Attribution Non-Commercial 3.0 License.
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at
More Permissions http://riscurisicatastrofe.reviste.ubbcluj.ro/