THE INFLUENCE OF THE HYDRO-METEOROLOGICAL PHENOMENA AND THE STORM EFFECTS ON THE SHORE OF THE SOUTHERN GEOMORPHOLOGIC UNIT OF THE ROMANIAN COASTLINE
M. MARIN, A. TIŞCOVSCHI, D. DIACONEASA
ABSTRACT.-The integrated management of the coast areas represents a modern concept which is based on the principle of sustainable development and which involves the improvement and protection of these areas while keeping track of the economic and social growth related to the sea’s proximity, in order to maintain the fragile biologic and ecologic balance, as well as the landscapes of the coastal areas. In Romania, the integrated management of the coastal areas is regulated through the framework law no. 280/2003, which includes provisions on the general principles and on the differentiated usage conditions of the coastal area depending on the main economic activities. Also, it provides the main measures, the economic and financial mechanisms, the duties and responsibilities of the involved authorities, public participation and the supervision of the activity of integrated management of the coast areas.On the Black Sea coast, the climate regime is considerably influenced by the sea’s aquatory, both thermally and dynamically, through the modification of the heat balance and the change of the underlying surface rugosity. As in various European regions there are interactions between cyclone and anticyclone baric formations which present rather rapid evolutions and also a dependence on the thermal structure of the atmosphere, the winds of the Romanian coast do not show a permanent character. Often enough, the direction and speed of the wind change from one day to the next or even under less than 24 hours.
ARTICOLUL IN INTREGIME