LA VULNERABILITE DE LA POPULATION DU BASSIN VERSANT DE GURGHIU AUX INONDATIONS
MARIA-LUMINIŢA NEAGU, I.A. IRIMUŞ
Abstract. This paper presents the analysis of the likelihood of floods occurrence in the Gurghiu basin. The most important events occurred in 1970, 1975 and 1995. The main factors which influence the floods are the rainfall fallen in a short period, the slope and the soilís properties. For the probability of 1%, the area presenting a high vulnerability to floods is the meadow of Gurghiu between Zimţi (Ibăneşti commune) and the confluence with Mureş River, at which adds a small area of Lăpuşna village. The measures realized to reduce populationís vulnerability to floods involve works of banks anchorage using gabions and works of water flow regularization. The methodology is based on the field observations, statistical data analysis and acquisition, GIS analysis.
Keywords: vulnerability, Gurghiu basin, floods, the exposed elements.
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