THE FOREST ECOSYSTEM - BETWEEN STABILITY AND THE RISK OF DEGRADATION

Constanţa Gaceu, O.Gaceu
 

ABSTRACT. The forest ecosystem - between stability and the risk of degradation. The following paper is constructed as an essay created in the context of current challenges resulted from the irrational exploitation of Romanian forests for the sole purpose of influential characters to obtain personal benefits. In this respect we will present the structure, the importance, the functions and the needs of the forest ecosystem by starting to define and characterise the biocoenosis and biotopes populations which, together, make up the ecosystem. Finally, we will present the living conditions in an ecosystem and we will highlight its auto-regulation function but also the situations that might lead to the ecosystemís disruption, thus indicating the need to apply the precautionary principle in order to preserve the forest ecosystem.

Key-words: forest ecosystem, stability, risk, disorder, precautionary principle.

 

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