ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT CONDITIONS IN THE PLOIEŞTI MUNICIPALITY
MIHAELA FLORINA ŢÂMPU
ABSTRACT.-Atmospheric environment conditions in the Ploieşti Municipality. Since its beginnings Ploieşti has proved to be a city, a connection point between the most important Romanian and European routes, a place where the old traditions of the trade have been completed and developed perfectly at the same rhythm as the oil history. The history of the oil industry being known on the European level, the economy of Ploieşti has been closely connected to the oil resources of its neighboring areas and to their refineries. Ploieşti has been considered as “the most important oil refining center of SE Europe”. 150 years after the discovery of the first oil field near Ploieşti, the city has remained anchored in this industry - preponderantly the oil mining and processing industry and other industries related to this branch (machine building, electric equipment, maintenance etc.). The city’s population recorded a special increase until 1990, correlated with the intense development of its economy, as follows: 45,107 inhabitants in 1889; 56,460 in 1912; 77,341 in 1930; 96,229 in 1948; 316,856 in 1992 and then it decreased down to 300,358 in 2002 and 210,000 in 2011, to these numbers being associated - in the last decades - the metropolitan area, as well. At present, Ploieşti Municipality represents a center of industrial, commercial, touristic and cultural-scientific junction. As the economy developed and the population of Ploieşti Municipality and its surroundings increased, the quality of the urban environment has changed because of the soil pollution sources. Regarding the pollution of the atmospheric environment, some conditions related to the geographic position - respectively the relief of the Plain of Ploieşti and the climate - have had a somewhat favorable influence on the circulation of the atmospheric emissions.
Keywords: urban environment, atmospheric pollution, current condition
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