OCNELE MARI-OCNIŢA, VÂLCEA COUNTY RESOURCES, EXPLOITATION, RISKS, UTILISATION
P. GÂŞTESCU, ANA ROANGHEŞ-MUREANU
ABSTRACT. – Ocnele Mari-Ocniţa. Resources, exploitation, risks, valorization. In Ocnele Mari Town and its constituent locality - Ocniţa, Vâlcea County, following the extraction of a large volume of salt through its underground dissolution, the soil and the breccias covering the salt have become unstable, producing landfalls and landslides that affected the exploitation installations, the transport infrastructure and several homes, during the last decennia, especially in the area of Ocniţa locality. In order to avoid major imbalances in this geographic area, following the mining activities, and also in order to reduce the consequences of the pollution triggered by saltwater, the main affected areas-locations have been identified and analyzed. This paper presents the resources existing in the exploitation area, the modifications occurred following the salt mining activities and their effects on: economic efficiency, local population, environmental balance, tourist potential and utilisation.
Key words: Ocnele Mari, salt exploitation, pollution risk, mines and fallen galleries, environment, tourist potential and utilisation.
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