SOILS VULNERABILITY OF CATCHMENT ALMAŞ AT GEOMORPHOLOGIC CONTEMPORARY PROCESSES
MĂDĂLINA-IOANA RUS, I. A. IRIMUȘ
ABSTRACT. Soils vulnerability of the Catchment Almas geomorphologic processes. Almas Basin, signed lower lithologic Miocene soils deposits, shows six classes: Cernisols, Cambisols, Luvisols, Hydrosols, Pelisols, Protosols (after SRTS, 2003). The largest share is attributed to Luvisols class (60%), followed by undeveloped soil represented by Protosols and Antrisols (15%), followed by the remaining classes with lower weights: Cambisols (13%), Cernisols (7%), Pelisols (4%), Hydrosols (1%). Contemporary geomorphological processes (surface and deep erosion, mass movements) change agricultural areas and forest ratio or flow out of economic network tens of hectares annually. Soil vulnerability to the manifestation of these processes is expressed by disturbing soil horizons, coastal springs appearance and growth of the adjoining excess moisture, soil sealing productive by dropping or by alienation..
Key-words: Almas catchment soils, vulnerability, geomorphological processes, land use.
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