THE IMPACT OF TOURISM ON THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE DRAINAGE BASIN OF THE OLĂNEŞTI RIVER

 

ANA-MARIA ROANGHEŞ-MUREANU

 

ABSTRACT. The impact of tourism on the environment in the drainage basin of the Olăneti River. In the drainage basin of the river Olanesti, tourism constitutes an important part in the economic development of the local people. The Olăneşti River basin is developed in both sides of the sectors (carpartic and the subcarpatic). Also, he is characterized by an relief and a climate that favours the development of the tourism, the recreation and especially of the treatment. Tourism is considered a very important sector in the sustainable development of the region, investments in this area are a priority for the community. At the same time, can take into account the a increase to tourist activities, which can lead to a change in the quality of environmental factors. This article is an analysis of the impact of tourist activity on the Olăneşti River basin. The motivation of this theme is the variety of forms of tourism in this basin, as well as its characteristics, in particular in the perspective of development in european context. The environmental degradations have gained momentum, which has affected the tourist services. Under the socio-cultural appearance, the negative effects are also important. If it is accepted that the most important functions of modern tourism are the recreational and educational-educational recuperative. Thus, result the relationship between tourism and the environment. The damages to the environment, even in small measure, reduces the possibility of restoring health, by reducing the quality of visitors or those factors that favour the rest (odihna). In addition to issues related to the impact of tourism on the environment, the article presents some aspects relating to the monitoring and prevention of adverse effects.

 

Key words: tourism, impact, environment, water catchment, Olăneşti River.

 

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