POTENŢIALUL SOCIO-ECONOMIC ŞI NATURAL ĪN APRECIEREA VULNERABILITĂŢII AŞEZĂRILOR RURALE DIN CĀMPIA SOMEŞANĂ
RAMONA FLAVIA RATIU
ABSTRACT - . The socio- economic and natural potential in appreciating the vulnerability of rural settlements in Someşană Plain (The Transylvanian Plain). The vulnerability of settlements in Somesan Plain comes from the accelerate lowering rhythm of the inhabitants number, simultaneous with population aging and feminizing. The resilence (capacity of re-making) was diminished in Somesană Plain by the fact that it is a unity in which the resources belong to the agriculture domain, excepting the methane gas. Because the vulnerability of rural settlements depends on three factors (population, home and estate), the identification criterion of social settlements vulnerability, is a complex one and it holds on the social- economic and natural potential, synthetically expressing the habitat units characteristics. Quality and quantity indicators that reflect the geo-demographic potential, the localization potential and the endowment potential were used in order to estimate the natural and the social-economical potential. Relying on this complex criterion, the rural settlements in the Someşană Plain are placed at quite limited intervals from 7.1 (Falca) to 75.9 (Lechinţa), the result being an average quality assessment value of 27.8% at the level of the entire unit. There are four categories, most villages (52 out of 141) being part of that category of settlements with a low potential.
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